Website Security

Suggestion on keeping sites safe


 HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is a secure version of the HTTP protocol used to transmit data on the internet. It encrypts
communication between your website and the user's browser, making it difficult for third parties to intercept and read the data. HTTPS is important for websites that handle sensitive information, such as financial transactions or login credentials, as it helps to protect
against man-in-the-middle attacks and other types of cyber threats. To use HTTPS, you will need to install an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate on your website.

Install an SSL certificate

An SSL certificate is a digital certificate that authenticates the identity of a website and encrypts information sent to and from the
site. When a user visits a website with an SSL certificate, their browser establishes a secure connection with the server. This connection is indicated by a padlock icon in the address bar and a green bar in some browsers. SSL certificates are important for protecting sensitive information, such as login credentials, financial transactions, and personal data. They also help to build trust with users by demonstrating that the website is legitimate and secure.

Enable two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) is a security process that requires users to provide a second form of authentication in addition to their
password. This could be a code sent to a phone, a biometric scan, or a security key. 2FA makes it more difficult for unauthorized users to access the site, as they would need to have access to the second form of authentication in addition to the password. 2FA is particularly useful for protecting against password reuse and other types of attacks that rely on stolen or guessed passwords.

Use strong passwords

Using strong passwords is an important step in protecting your website and the sensitive information it may contain. A strong password is long (at least 12 characters), complex (contains a combination of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters), and unique (not used for any other accounts). Avoid using the same password for multiple accounts, as this increases the risk of a breach. Instead, use a password manager to generate and store unique, complex passwords for each of your accounts.

Keep your software up to date

Keeping your website's software up to date is important for protecting against security vulnerabilities and ensuring that your site is running smoothly. This includes updating the operating system, the content management system (CMS), and any plugins or extensions that you are using. Many software updates include security patches that fix known vulnerabilities, so it is important to apply them as soon as they are available. Additionally, using outdated software can make your website more vulnerable to attacks, as hackers are often aware of and can exploit these vulnerabilities.

Monitor your website for vulnerabilities

Regularly scanning your website for vulnerabilities and fixing any that are found is an important step in maintaining website security. There are a variety of tools available that can scan your website for vulnerabilities, such as web application scanners and penetration
testing tools. These tools can identify potential weaknesses in your website's code, server configuration, and other areas that could be
exploited by hackers. By regularly scanning and fixing vulnerabilities, you can help to prevent attacks and keep your website secure.

Use a web application firewall

A web application firewall (WAF) is a security tool that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing traffic to and from your website. It acts as a barrier between your website and the internet, blocking malicious traffic and protecting against a variety of threats, including cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, SQL injection attacks, and other types of web-based attacks. A WAF can be configured

Use secure hosting

Choosing a hosting provider that offers secure hosting options is an important step in protecting your website. There are several options to consider, including:

  • Private server: A private server is a dedicated server that is used only by your website. This can be more secure than shared hosting, as you are not sharing resources with other websites that may have security vulnerabilities.

  • Virtual private server (VPS): A VPS is a virtual server that is partitioned off from other servers in a shared hosting environment. It provides many of the benefits of a private server, but is typically less expensive.

  • Virtual private network (VPN): A VPN is a secure network that encrypts all data transmitted between your website and the internet. It can be used to protect against man-in-the-middle attacks and other types of cyber threats.

Back up your website regularly

Regularly backing up your website is an important step in protecting against data loss and ensuring that you can restore your site in the event of a disaster. There are several ways to back up your website, including:

  • Local backups: Local backups involve saving copies of your website's
    files and databases to a storage device, such as an external hard drive
    or a cloud storage service.

  • Remote backups: Remote backups involve saving copies of your website's
    files and databases to a remote server or cloud storage service. This
    allows you to access the backups from anywhere and can be a good option
    if your local backups are lost or damaged.

  • Full backups: Full backups involve saving copies of all of your
    website's files, including the operating system, applications, and data.

  • Incremental backups: Incremental backups involve saving only the changes
    made to your website since the last backup. This can be more efficient
    than full backups, but may not provide as much protection in the event
    of a disaster.

Train your team

Ensuring that all members of your team are aware of best practices for website security and how to identify and prevent potential security threats is an important step in protecting your website. This can involve training on topics such as password management, secure coding practices, and identifying and reporting potential security issues. It can also involve implementing policies and procedures for handling sensitive information and responding to security incidents. By educating your team and establishing clear guidelines, you can help to ensure that your website remains secure.